Answer by Rohit Shinde:
#1. The Tsar Bomba is the most powerful nuclear bomb exploded till date. It had a yield of 50 Megatons.
To imagine 50 Megatons, here is an image. Note Hiroshima is on the extreme left. And it needs to be magnified!
Here are some interesting facts about that bomb:
Check this site out for more details on the Tsar Bomba:
- It was officially intended to have a yield of 100 Megatons. But it was toned down to 50 Megatons to allow the pilot of the bomber plane (which was going to drop the bomb) to get away.
The plane only had 188 seconds to escape. 188 seconds between release and detonation.
If the yield of the bomb had been 100 Megatons, then regardless of the speed of the plane, it would have been impossible to get out of the shockwave and the plane would have disintegrated.
- The yield of the bomb (50 MT) was 3300 times more powerful than Hiroshima and 1400 times as powerful as Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined.
- To allow the pilot time to get away, the bomb was deployed with parachutes. This would slow down the descent of the bomb, while allowing the plane to get as far away as possible.
- The plane was 30 Kilometres away when the bomb exploded. The explosion was so much that the plane went into 1 Km freefall before recovering.
- During the Cold War arms race, America had been building more precise systems that could hit the target more accurately. The Russians followed another approach: Build it so big that the aim doesn’t matter.
- The effects of the bomb were spectacular!
The bomb ‘s explosion was so bright that it could b reportedly be seen from 1000 km away and that too on a cloudy day.
The mushroom cloud which resulted had a height of almost 93 km and a peak radius of 53 km.
Some buildings in Norway (which was close to the test site) were also affected.
Here is a map of London showing which areas would be affected if the Tsar Bomba had been exploded there.
The key is as follows, from inside to outside.
Fireball radius: 3.03 km / 1.88 mi
Maximum size of the nuclear fireball; relevance to lived effects depends on height of detonation.
Radiation radius: 7.49 km / 4.65 mi
500 rem radiation dose; between 50% and 90% mortality from acute effects alone; dying takes between several hours and several weeks.
Air blast radius: 12.51 km / 7.77 mi
20 psi overpressure; heavily built concrete buildings are severely damaged or demolished; fatalities approach 100%.
Air blast radius: 33.01 km / 20.51 mi
4.6 psi overpressure; most buildings collapse; injuries universal, fatalities widespread.
Thermal radiation radius: 77.06 km / 47.88 mi
Third-degree burns to all exposed skin; starts fires in flammable materials, contributes to firestorm if large enough.
- In clear air, the Tsar Bomba would be able to inflict third-degree burns on someone standing 100 km away.
#2. The USA dropped a nuclear bomb on itself
For decades, Americans pissed their pants over the possibility that they or their livelihoods would go out in a flash. One American family really got a taste of what that would be like. March 11, 1958 was a normal day at the Gregg residence. Bill Gregg was in his tool shed. His wife was out on the front porch sewing. His daughters were in a play house their Dad had constructed with his bare hands. His son was in the tool shed with his father, learning how to be a goddamned red-blooded American man. Somewhere in the distance an eagle shrieked as it rode an American buffalo to an apple-pie-eating contest at a baseball field.
All this quintessential American scene needs is a flag-waving child and a massive nuclear weapon.
Unbeknownst to the Greggs, seven miles above them a B-47E bomber was transporting an atomic bomb from Savannah, Georgia, to England, and things were not going according to plan. A warning message informed the pilot that the pin that secured the nuclear bomb in place hadn’t been set properly, and bombardier Bruce Kulka was sent to check it out. The bomb bay didn’t leave much room for anything other than the bomb, so Kulka had to stick his arm down into the bay and literally grope around like a blind man, searching for the unset pin. Upon feeling what he thought was the pin, and was actually the emergency release lever, the bomb dropped to the belly of the plane onto the bomb bay doors, with Kulka riding it like Slim Pickens waving a cowboy hat and hiyaing (ask your parents). Thinking fast, Kulka grabbed onto something inside the plane just as the bomb bay doors gave way, saving his life, and ensuring that the only nuclear bomb ever dropped on America didn’t kill anyone.
Though it certainly made an impression.
Fortunately, nuclear weapons don’t detonate on impact, so the State of South Carolina wasn’t wiped off the map. Also fortunate for the Greggs, the radioactive materials were not inside the bomb at the time of the drop. Still, the detonation managed to wreck their house and their car and injure the entire family of five. Somewhere between six and 14 chickens were killed, which isn’t bad for a weapon that technically wasn’t loaded.
The Greggs received the incredible compensation of $44,000 and were forced to sue the U.S. government for increased damages, eventually cranking their reward all the way up to $54,000 minus lawyer’s fees. Today the site is still marked by a crater .
#3. Vasili Alexandrovich Arkhipov-The man who probably saved the world
You probably know that during the , the U.S. and USSR came closer to nuclear war than ever before. But you probably don’t know that if it weren’t for one man, we would all be wandering around a charred, radioactive wasteland today. And that guy wasn’t JFK.
It’s 1962, communist Cuba had gone nuclear, John F. Kennedy had the entire island under quarantine and Nikita Khrushchev was not intimidated by the young president.
In the center of this hot-zone was the nuclear-armed Soviet Foxtrot class submarine B-59, which on October 27, 1962 decided whether you personally would be alive right now. While surrounded by a group of 11 U.S. destroyers and the aircraft carrier USS Randolph, the submarine was eventually subjected to a barrage of depth charges.
Taking this as the opening shots of WWIII (which they kind of were), Captain Valentin Grigorievitch Savitsky ordered the B-59’s nuclear-tipped missile be launched in retaliation to the U.S. surface ships. Had this been the case, it is likely that the U.S., USSR, Cuba and most of Europe would have had a full shooting-war on their hands, cowboy hats and all.
That is, if not for a guy named Vasili Arkhipov.
According to Director of the National Security Archive Thomas Blanton and former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, a guy called Vasili Arkhipov “saved the world”. The thing is, to launch a nuke, the top three Soviets on the B-59 needed a unanimous vote. Captain Savitsky and Political Officer Ivan Semonovich Maslennikov were all for it, but Arkhipov, a mere second-in-command, was not all that wild about wiping out human civilization.
The three got into an argument, and Arkhipov eventually persuaded the political officer that nuking the U.S. Navy was a bad idea, and that they should resurface instead (even if it meant, you know, death). Captain Savitsky was not happy with this, but since he did not have the votes to go nuclear, the submarine surfaced, and the crisis was averted.
I’ll keep updating this answer as soon as I can remember more interesting facts.
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Answer by Ronald P. Juliano Sr:
US American MD’s are excellent. Foreign doctors do not think the same and have totally different cultures and thinking and have terrible bedside manners and believe they are gods and better than everyone elese and are in fact incompetent,uncaring and responsible for most medical malpratice especially at the VA hospitals where most are foreign and hate US veterans.
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